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Children Exempt from New Rules

February 23, 2007

The White House announced last Thursday that children aged 15 and under will be able to cross U.S. borders at land and sea entry points with certified copies of their birth certificates in lieu of passports.

The change will go into effect in January 2008. (Passports will still be necessary for children traveling by air.)

The change is the latest update to the requirement that U.S. citizens traveling by air to Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, or the Caribbean must show a passport, effective January 23, 2007.

For more information on passport rules and for Caribbean deals, read Caribbean Travel Incentives.

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Josh Bernstein

As the host of the History Channel's adventure-archaeology series Digging for the Truth, Josh Bernstein travels the globe searching for answers to age old questions: Does the lost city of Atlantis actually exist? Did the Egyptians build the pyramids? Josh discusses these topics and more in his new book Digging for the Truth, out in January, but for a glimpse of his far-fetched adventures on TV, catch his show on Monday's at 9 P.M. EST. Window or aisle? Window. Preferably exit row. The last thing I ate from a minibar? I don't usually do minibars, but I think in Egypt I grabbed some tonic water. I won't leave home without.... My MacBook Pro. It keeps me in touch with Boulder Outdoor Survival School [which he owns and operates] and my family. I love iChat. The best trip I've ever taken? And why? Oh boy...I've taken a few. Perhaps my two weeks in Mongolia in 2006, celebrating the 800th anniversary of the country's statehood as founded by Chinggis Khaan. It was a place I'd never been to and I found every aspect of the culture and landscape exhilarating. My dream trip? Ten days in Australia's outback with Aboriginal elders, followed by five days in New Zealand, then seven days in Nepal, and finally seven days on a Greek island. Or something like that--and preferably with a very sexy and adventurous female co-conspirator. The movie or book that inspired me to pack my bags? It wasn't either, but rather the people about whom books and movies are made: Sir Ernest Shackleton, Theodore Roosevelt, Roy Chapman Andrews... My greatest travel pet peeve? A hot, noisy hotel room. How I deal with jetlag? Sheer willpower, lots of water, and the curiosity to take a walk around town. If I could travel with any living person.... Former U.S. President Bill Clinton. I'll never go back to ____________ And why? Probably Zimbabwe. I've already been (in 2005) and the economy and political situation are not as stable now. If I could be anywhere right now.... On a beach somewhere warm, relaxing in the surf and sun.

Watina Song Lyrics

AMUNEGU Kaba funa san anuga wabute amunegu  Kaba funa san ayanuha Garifuna numa amunegu  Kaba funa san arumaha numa o amunegu  Kaba funa san aduguraha wau o amunegu Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun  Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun  Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun  Feiridiwanali ei gumugubei Ageindaguatian wayunagu lun habagaridun kei Garinagu  Wagia me san aferidirei wagaburi, madugawamei Aganba humana aguburigu, harufudaha houn isanigu  Wererun luma weremuhan, wafien luma wabinahan Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun  Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun  Chuluhali dan lun lareidahoun Feiridiwanali ei gumugubei Feiridiwanali ei gumugubei I wonder who will bake cassava* bread for us in times to come  I wonder who will speak with me in Garifuna in times to come  I wonder who will sing Aruumahani** songs with me in times to come  I wonder who will heal us with the dugu** in times to come The time has come for it to be preserved  The time has come for it to be taught  The time has come for it to be preserved  Lest we lose it altogether Our ancestors fought to remain Garifuna  Why must we be the ones to lose our culture? Let's not do it Parents, please listen to me.  Teach the children Our language and our songs; our beliefs and our dances The time has come for it to be preserved  The time has come for it to be taught  The time has come for it to be preserved  Lest we lose it altogether Lest we lose it altogether Footnotes: * Cassava bread is the staple food of the Garifuna and it is derived from the manioc root. ** Aruumahani is a genre of Garifuna music in which men link their hands and sing a capella. It is a dying art form. *** The dugu is the traditional Garifuna healing ceremony in which the extended family comes together to make offerings of food, drinks, music and dance to the ancestral spirits. It is presided over by a spiritual healer (buyei) and lasts for a few days. GAGANBADIBA Nirau nuraugidibu  Aganbabeitia tadimurehan buguchu bun. Aganbabeitia tererun bun Aganbabeitia tayanuhan buguchu bun. Aganbabeitia tianu bun Adamuribei fulasu lun barihini ei. Gounigibei me tia bigaburi Bidiba tidan muna lanina fureindei aranseha luba bibagari Nirau Gaganbadiba Liabiba weyu ligia. Madiseli ei Basubudirubei My child, you are young  Listen when your mother speaks to you  Hear her words to you  Listen when your mother speaks with you  Listen to her conversation You will see lots of places  Always be on your best behavior You will go to the place of learning to prepare for your life My child Be obedient The day will come, it's not far away You will know WEYU LARIGI WEYU Waguchi Bungiu, aganbabei wamamali. Watiwa buagu. Iderabawa  Arihaba hawagun bisanigu ubowagu, Úguchili. Gíbeti megeiti. Furieigitiwa bun au Fuba garabali wawagun weyu larigi weyu  Ruba derebugu wouni weyu larigi weyu  Fegegudabeitia wagu weyu larigi weyu  Duragudabatia wau weyu larigi weyu Waguchi Bungiu, aganbabei wamamali. Watiwa buagu. Iderabawa Binibana birahunu afientian buagu, Aburemei Suntigabafu. Rutiwa seremei bun au Wabureme gounigibawa weyu larigi weyu  Ruba ibagari wouni weyu larigi weyu  Faradiu, dundeibawa weyu larigi weyu  Lidoun lemeri buiti, weyu larigi weyu God, Our Father, hear our voices  We call on you. Please help us Look upon your children on Earth, Father  So much has gone wrong. We pray to you Blow a breeze over us (Day by day) Give us strength (Day by day)  Open our eyes (Day by day)  Make us wiser (Day by day) God, Our Father, hear our voices  We call on you. Please help us  Bless your faithful children, Almighty Lord.  We give you thanks. Lord, protect us (Day by day) Give us life (Day by day)  Oh Father, guide us (Day by day) Into the path of righteousness (Day by day)

At the Crossroads of Africa & Central America

Andy Palacio reflects on recording in Belize with the multigenerational Garifuna Collective, musicians keeping the sounds of their little-known heritage alive. Wátina, their new album, will be released February 27 on a label founded by Putumayo's Jacob Edgar. Editor's Update: Palacio, 47, died of respiratory failure in January 2008 in his native Belize City, Belize. Q: What are the roots of Garifuna culture, and how does it resonate with you personally? A: Long before the Europeans came to the Caribbean, my Carib and Arawak ancestors had been mixing and populating their island homes. Africans later came in and added another layer to the fabric. Today, as a Garifuna person, I am all of that. Additionally, I have been shaped by the Belizean society into which I was born. I am proud to be part of the cultural richness of Belize and our region. This mosaic should never lose its dynamism, and we must endeavour to keep it diverse, interesting, and colorful. Q: How did the Garifuna Collective come together, and what inspired you to create this album? A: The concept of the Garifuna Collective actually began around 2001 with a couple of us artists and musicians who had appeared on various Stonetree releases. We first began to travel internationally as the Garifuna All Star Band, and later, we went on to perform occasionally in Belize under the same name. Just before Wátina was completed, we came up with the name the Garifuna Collective, which we thought was more representative of the concept. Watina was created out of a vision to highlight lesser-known forms of Garifuna music. Punta, punta rock and paranda, had gained much popularity even outside of the Garifuna community over the past few years, and I believed it was time to introduce a more soulful and deeper side of Garifuna music to the global audience. In order to accomplish this, my producer, Ivan Duran and I brought together some of the region's finest musical talent. Q: Where did you record the album, and what was the atmosphere like during the recording process? A: Ivan basically "parachuted" into the seaside Garifuna village of Hopkins and took over Sandy Beach Lodge, a small resort operated by a Garifuna women's cooperative, for a few months. There, we laid the album's foundation, recording the basic tracks in that rural, communal setting. The whole environment was very relaxing and inspiring. It lent itself to a great deal of personal interaction among ourselves and making music in a way that simply felt natural to us. Q: What are some of the distinctive qualities and recurring themes of Garifuna music? A: In Garifuna culture, songs are viewed as "images" of reality; hence, Garifuna composers reflect a wide range of emotions, views on issues facing their families and communities, spirituality, and our history as a people. Issues of poverty, illness, and death are quite common, as are relationships between the sexes and nostalgia. Q: What led you to make the transition from punta rock to Garifuna? A: Let me point out that punta rock is actually a form of Garifuna music, albeit a recent innovation which eventually found its way to other communities. It continues to enjoy an incredibly high level of popularity in many places, but my decision to divert was largely based on the desire to show the world that there is much more to Garifuna music. Dancing punta rock is very sexy and entertaining. Wátina should help to keep our hearts, souls and minds us dancing for many other reasons. Q: Who do you hope will listen to this album? A: I intended Wátina for anyone with an open mind for music. It is also intended for the people of the world who wish to learn something about the Garifuna and places where we live. Above all, however, I hope that Garifuna listeners will find it uplifting and inspirational and that they will identify with my feelings, including my hopes, my concerns, and my pride. Q: In what ways do the songs on this album evoke a sense of place and community? A: Even though many of us on the album come from different communities, we have continuously felt a sense of oneness of purpose in our approach to our music. We all speak the same language and, in so many ways, we are singing to the same audience. Q: What do you think is the future of the Garifuna community in Belize? A: Reciprocity is a fundamental pillar of the Garifuna cosmovision. We have been able to enjoy much of that here in Belize, to the extent that our people have enjoyed many successes, while making numerous contributions in several sectors of society. We are an integral part of Belize's social fabric, and that is not about to change any time soon.

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